In previous posts, we have introduced the macro and micronutrients, talked about energy balance, and learned about how...

Key points:

  • It is important to pay attention to the serving size and the servings per container.

  • The label contains information about the absolute and relative amounts of each macronutrient. That is, the absolute amount in each serving and how that amount fits...

Along with vitamins, minerals make up the micronutrients. Within the larger group of minerals, there are three smaller categories: macrominerals, micro or trace minerals, and ultratrace elements.

Like vitamins, minerals do not provide any calories. They are also a relat...

Last post we discussed some of the basics about fat soluble vitamins. The other broad category of vitamins is the water soluble vitamins; this includes the B complex vitamins and vitamin C.

Water soluble vitamins differ from fat soluble vitamins in a couple of important...

Today we are introducing the fat soluble vitamins: A, D, E, and K.

They are so called because they are generally absorbed in fat globules. Once they are absorbed and stored in the tissue, fat...

The micronutrients are those essential nutrients that are required in small amounts - usually a few grams to less than a tenth of a gram per day. Remember that essential means we cannot produce them ourselves. We get these

micronutrients from the plants and animals that...

February 28, 2018

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Key Points:

  • The relationship between calories consumed and calories used is called

    energy balance.

  • Energy used relies on the size of our body, the types of food we eat, and

    our a...

February 26, 2018

Fat is the final macronutrient that we are going to discuss in our Nutrition Basics series. Like protein and carbohydrate, fat has calories. Unlike protein and carbohydrate, however, which have 4 kcal per gram, fat is more energy dense and contains 9 kcal per gram on a...

February 21, 2018

Carbohydrates are the next macronutrient on our list. Like protein, carbohydrate provides 4kcal per gram. Carbs, as they are colloquially called, are comprised of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. More specifically, they are made up of CH2O, or hydrates of carbon. Carbon h...

February 19, 2018

As mentioned in the previous post, Protein is a macronutrient and that means that we measure its consumption by the gram. Protein provides us with 4 kcal per gram. Usually when someone is speaking about protein they will say that it “has 4 Calories per gram.” Just reme...

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